Lucas Farm: Farming, Livestock Sales, Homesteading

Homesteading on a Hill in WV

ADGA Dairy Goats, Silver Fox Rabbits, Mini Jersey & Dexter Cattle, Wyandottes, Call Ducks,
Barnevelders, Orpingtons, Eggs, Goat's Milk Soap, and more!


Latest news:

Nubian bucklings born Feburary 2012 for sale now - more kids due May 2012: Click here for information on pedigree and prices!

Tinia, John, and their family at Lucas Farm

Dairy Goat Conformation

Raising goats with informed, quality bloodlines and educated practices since early 2008, with a lifetime of animal husbandry experience and dedication to learning all one can know about the breeds they raise!


"How to end up with a quality animal"

See a sample ADGA scorecard here


Understanding LA, DHIR, ADGA Genetics and more:

Guide to Linear Traits -

The "ideal" ranges from the ADGA type committee:

strength 27 - 33
dairyness 33 - 38
teat diameter 18 - 28
rear legs 25 - 30
rump angle 30 -35
rump width 30- 35
fore udder 35 - 42
rear udder hgt 40 - 45
rear udder arch 32 - 40
udder depth 22 - 27
medial 28 - 32
teat placement 25 - 30

The above figures are based on a 4 Year old doe and would not

apply to a younger doe


Understanding PTAs, ETA, PTIs




In some conformation areas: ideal scores are near 25

In come other areas, the ideal scores are 45


Wry or broken tail 
Undershot or overshot jaw 
Close in hocks 
Large horn scurs or stubs (except in minis)
Non-disabling lameness
Enlarged knees
Feet turned out
Loose, winged, or heavy shoulders
Narrow chest or pinched heart girth
Short, shallow, or narrow body
Low (swayed) back
Steep rump
Small boned for body size
Bowed front legs, buck kneed
Hind legs close
Pasterns too long or soft 

TEATS: set close together, bulbous, extremely large or small, uneven in size, pointed sideways, not clearly delineated, small orifices or otherwise difficult to milk

UDDER:lacking in attachment, too much or too little division between halves, beefy texture,

pocket in fore udder, presence of scar tissue.

General– NONE

Breed Specific:
mature does under 30” or less than 135 lbs.

mature bucks under 32” or less than 160 lbs. 
Does with true Toggenburg color and markings
Does with all white color
mature does under 28” or less than 130 lbs. 
mature bucks under 30” or less than 155 lbs.
mature does under 30” or less than 135 lbs. 
mature bucks under 32” or less than 160 lbs.
mature does under 28” or less than 120 lbs. 
mature bucks under 30” or less than 150 lbs. 
mature does under 30” or less than 135 lbs. 
mature bucks under 32” or less than 160 lbs.
mature does under 30” or less than 135 lbs. 
mature bucks under 32” or less than 160 lbs.
mature does under 26” or less than 120 lbs. 
mature bucks under 28” or less than 145 lbs.
Few small white spots in hair of does

General – NONE

Breed Specific: 
Alpines, LaMancha, Oberhasli, Saanen, Sable, & Toggenburg: roman nose 
Nigerian Dwarf: roman nose; curly coat
Pygmy: rump too long; coat wavy, curly, silky, too short or sparse, shallow or weak thighs; legs too long

Udder: pendulous, too distended to determine texture, hard or swollen (except in does just fresh), one half less than half the size of the other, misplaced or leaking orifice

Breed Specific: 
true Toggenburg color and markings in bucks. All white color in bucks 
straight face
small white spots in the hair of does
dark cream color, several dark spots in hair
black does, white stomach on does, white spot 1.5” in hair of does, few white spots in hair of bucks.

Udder lacking in size or capacity in relation to frame size and stage of lactation
Extra teat on doe (even if it has been removed)
Double orifice in teat on doe
Crooked or malformed feet
Crooked face on does

Breed Specific:
barely drooping ears
small white spots in the hair of bucks

Serious emaciation
Total blindness
Permanent lameness
Blind (non-functioning) udder half
Blind teat
Double teat (bifurcal, or fused)
Extra teat that interferes with milking (supernumerary)
Extra teat on buck (supernumerary)
Double orifice on buck
Crooked face on buck
Active mastitis or any other cause of abnormal milk
Evidence of hermaphroditism
Evidence of any inability to reproduce
Evidence of myatonia
Anything other than two normal, fully descended testicles in bucks
Permanent physical defect, such as naval hernia

Breed Specific:

pendulous ears


anything other than gopher ears on bucks, anything other than true

LaMancha type ears on does


pendulous ears, does over 22 1/2”, bucks over 23 1/2”


upright ears, dished face

pendulous ears, all black bucks, large white spot 1.5” or greater in hair 

pendulous ears, large dark spot 1.5” or greater in hair

pendulous ears, pure white or solid light cream color

pendulous ears, tri-colored or piebald, black bucks, white stomach on bucks, large white spot 1.5” or greater in hair of bucks


An attractive framework with femininity (masculinity in bucks), strength, upstandingness, length, and smoothness of blending throughout that create an impressive style and graceful walk.

Stature - slightly taller at withers than at hips with long bone pattern throughout.

Head & Breed Characteristics - clean-cut and balanced in length, width, and depth; broad muzzle with full nostrils; well-sculpted, alert eyes; strong jaw with angular lean junction to throat; appropriate size, color, ears, and nose to meet breed standard.

Front End Assembly - prominent withers arched to point of shoulder with shoulder blade, point of shoulder, and point of elbow set tightly and smoothly against the chest wall both while at rest and in motion; deep and wide into chest floor with moderate strength of brisket.

Back - strong and straight with well-defined vertebrae throughout and slightly uphill to withers; level chine with full crops into a straight, wide loin; wide hips smoothly set and level with back; strong rump which is uniformly wide and nearly level from hips to pinbones and thurl to thurl; thurls set two-thirds of the distance from hips to pinbones; well defined and wide pinbones set slightly lower than the hips; tailhead slightly above and smoothly set between pinbones; tail symmetrical to body and free from coarseness; vulva normal in size and shape in females (normal sheath and testes in males).

Legs, Pasterns & Feet - bone flat and strong throughout leading to smooth, free motion; front legs with clean knees, straight, wide apart and

squarely placed; rear legs wide apart and straight from the rear and well angulated in side profile through the stifle to cleanly molded hocks,

nearly perpendicular from hock to B, yet flexible pastern of medium length; strong feet with tight toes, pointed directly forward; deep heels with sole nearly uniform in depth from toe to heel.


Angularity and general openness with strong yet refined and clean bone structure, showing freedom from coarseness and with evidence of milking ability giving due regard to stage of lactation (of breeding season in bucks).

Neck - long, lean, and blending smoothly into the shoulders; clean-cut throat and brisket.

Withers - prominent and wedge-shaped with the dorsal process arising slightly above the shoulder blades.

Ribs - flat, flinty, wide apart, and long; lower rear ribs should angle to flank.


Flank - deep, yet arched and free of excess tissue.

Thighs - in side profile, moderately incurving from pinbone to stifle; from the rear, clean and wide apart, highly arched and out-curving into the escutcheon to provide ample room for the udder and its attachment.

Skin - thin, loose, and pliable with soft, lustrous hair.


Relatively large in proportion in size, age, and period of lactation of animal (of breeding season for bucks), providing ample capacity, strength, and vigor.

Chest - deep and wide, yet clean-cut, with well sprung foreribs, full in crops and at point of elbow.

Barrel - strongly supported, long, deep, and wide; depth and spring of rib tending to increase into a deep yet refined flank


Strongly attached, elastic, well-balanced with adequate capacity, quality, ease of milking, and indicating heavy milk production over a long period of usefulness.

Udder Support - strong medial suspensory ligament that clearly defines the udder halves, contributes to desirable shape and capacity, and holds the entire udder snugly to the body and well above the hocks. Fore, rear, and lateral attachments must be strong and smooth.


Fore Udder - wide and full to the side and extending moderately forward without excess non-lactating tissue and indicating capacity, desirable shape, and productivity.


Rear Udder - capacious, high, wide, and arched into the escutcheon; uniformity wide and deep to the floor; moderately curved in side profile without protruding beyond the vulva.


Balanced, Symmetry & Quality - in side profile, one-third of the capacity visible in front of the leg, one-third under the leg, and one-third behind the leg; well-rounded with soft, pliable, and elastic texture that is well collapsed after milking, free of scar tissue, with halves evenly balanced.


Teats - uniform size and of medium length and diameter in proportion to capacity of udder, cylindrical in shape, pointed nearly straight down or slightly forward, and situated two-thirds of the distance from the medial suspensory ligament on the floor of each udder-half to the side, indicating ease of milking.



We are dedicated Christians here at the farm.

"Also he built towers in the desert, and digged many wells: for he had much cattle, both in the low country, and in the plains: husbandmen also, and vine dressers in the mountains, and in the Carmel: for he loved husbandry." - 2 Chronicles 26:10

Join the:

We highly recommend the film, Food, Inc.

It can change your life, if you're willing to change.

We homeschool.

We basically, because of our son's needs...unschool.  This is something that seems to go hand-in-hand with animal husbandry, hobby farming, and the like.  We always like to get in touch with local people with similar thoughts, so if you homeschool or have a local group, feel free to contact us.  Our farm makes a nice field day for homeschooled kids!

We are open to have homeschool meetings here at our house weekly, too, if there is enough interest.

We are members of EAGLE (now HiM), WVHEA, and ACCHE.

We meet weekly for homeschool co-op classes with either:


We are a Conservative Christian Family.  We believe the education of our children is our responsibility.  We believe we have a right to decide what our children are taught.  We believe you cannot have a complete education apart from one that involves Christ.

Contact us with homeschooling ideas, or curriculum advice.  If you'd like to meet with other families to give your home schooled kid interaction outside the home with other children, or if you have an area you are very good in teaching, and would like to set up classes with our children to be involved.

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The Vegetarian Homesteader
The American Livestock Breed Conservancy

"I know of no other pursuit in which more real and important services can be rendered to any country than by improving its agriculture, its breed of useful animals, and other branches of husbandman's cares." -George Washington